The World Starts With Me

Culture and Harmful Traditional Practice (HTP)

Today's Lesson

The issue on gender and relations in the previous lessons and rights in the upcoming one all relate to culture. All the three concepts, relations, gender and rights influence our way of life and the decisions we make. But what is culture and why is culture important for us?

This lesson deals with the concept of culture and gives insight in the meaning of culture. Culture gives us a sense of identity and belonging and creates unity and solidarity. But culture has not only positive aspects. This lesson shows some unique examples of cultural practices in the presentation. However, HTPs(Harmful Traditional Practices) are also discussed, particularly the impact of early marriage and FGM(Female Genital Mutilation)on girls'. Early marriage affects many Ethiopian girls negatively and pressures families and young men. In spite of the law, forbidding marriage of a child under eighteen, many of Ethiopian girls were still already married by age 18.
Young people can be important advocates in promoting positive aspects of culture and fighting negative cultural practices.

In this lesson you will get insight in what culture is and how important culture is for our living together in peace, harmony and solidarity. You will learn that cultures differ around the world and that even the same culture changes over time. You also will learn about the similarities and differences of HTP&Culture and how to become an advocate for Ethiopian culture without its negative practices, which are in conflict with human rights.

Todays Program

Activity
 
Warming up - African Greeting game (10 mins)
Presentation - Culture and our lives (60 mins)
Group Work I: Poster making (30 mins)
Group Work II: In the court
(30 mins)
Discussion, conclusion and homework (10 mins)
Tools, Games & Materials

Culture And Our Lives

Presentation - Culture and our lives (40 mins)

Roles for law suit

1. Father: Mr. Dadhi

You are a father of 40 years old and head of a big family. Together with your wife you have two boys, aged 5 and 7, and six girls, ranging in age from 3 up to 15. Because of the dryness of last season, your farm is doing not so well and your income is just enough to survive.

You would be happy if your oldest daughter, Gelane, aged 15, should marry. All girls in the community marry at such an age; it is the culture to do so. Gelane just finished primary school and she is in your view ready to marry. You know the oldest son of the farm close to yours, Fasil, is interested in Gelane. Fasil is now 25 years old and he is looking for a wife. His family is richer than yours and Gelane will have a good life there. Fasil loves to marry Gelane, but Gelane doesn't want to.

2. Girl: Gelane

You are the daughter of a father of 40 years old. Together with your Mum and Dad, you live with two brothers, aged 5 and 7, and five sisters, ranging in age from 3 up to 13 at the farm. Because of the dryness of last season, your family has not so much income, just enough to survive.

Your father proposed you to Fasil. Now you have finished primary school, your father thinks it is time to marry. Fasil of the farm close to yours, has already made a proposal, but you are not yet ready to marry. You also think Fasil is too old for you. You love to go to secondary school and your aunt may help you with that.

3. Public prosecuter

You are confronted with a father of 40 years old and head of a big family. Together with his wife he has two boys, aged 5 and 7, and six girls, ranging in age from 3 up to 15. Because of the dryness of last season, his farm is doing not so well and his income is just enough to survive.

He wants his oldest daughter, Gelane, aged 15, - as is common in the local culture for girls, aged 15 - to marry to a young men of a neighboring farm, Fasil, 25 years old. Fasil is very interested in Gelane and even proposed to her. Fasil's family is rich and Gelane will have a good life there, but Gelane doesn't want to marry Fasil. She thinks she is not yet ready to marry. She also thinks Fasil is too old for her.Gelane loves to go to the secondary school and her aunt may help her with that.

You agree with Gelane. Gelane is not old enough to make such a decision yet. She should continue her school and get a future for herself and the family.

4. Lawyer of the father

You as a lawyer have to defend Mr. Dadhi, father of 40 years old and head of a big family. Together with his wife he has two boys, aged 5 and 7, and six girls, ranging in age from 3 up to 15. Because of the dryness of last summer, his farm is doing not so well and his income is just enough to survive.

He wants his oldest daughter, Gelane, aged 15, - as is common in the local culture for girls, aged 15 - to marry to a young men of a neighboring farm, Fasil, 25 years old. Fasil is very interested in Gelane and even proposed to her. Fasil's family is rich and Gelane will have a good life there, but Gelane doesn't want to marry Fasil. She thinks she is not yet ready to marry. She also thinks Fasil is too old for her. Gelane loves to go to the secondary school and her aunt may help her with that.

5. Judge

You as a judge has to decide who is right.

Mr. Dadhi, father of 40 years old and head of a big family, lives with his wife, two sons, aged 5 and 7, and six daughters, ranging in age from 3 up to 15, at a farm. Because of the dryness of last summer, his farm is doing not so well and his income is just enough to survive.

He wants his oldest daughter, Gelane, aged 15, - as is common in the local culture for girls, aged 15 - to marry to a young men of a neighboring farm, Fasil, aged 25 years old. Fasil is very interested in Gelane and even proposed to her. Fasil's family is rich and Gelane will have a good life there, but Gelane doesn't want to marry Fasil. She thinks she is not yet ready to marry. She also thinks Fasil is too old for her. Gelane loves to go to the secondary school and her aunt may help her with that.

 

Examples of this Lesson

 

 

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